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AIDS. 2001 Jul 27;15(11):1379-88.

Effects of treatment intensification with hydroxyurea in HIV-infected patients with virologic suppression.

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1
University of California at San Diego and the San Diego Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, San Diego, California 92103, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Virologic rebound can result from suboptimal antiviral potency in combination antiretroviral therapy.

DESIGN:

Multicenter, partially blinded, prospective, randomized study of 202 HIV-infected subjects to determine whether therapy intensification improves long-term rates of virologic suppression.

METHODS:

Subjects had plasma HIV RNA < 200 copies/ml, CD4 cell count of > 200 x 10(6) cells/l, and treatment with indinavir (IDV) + zidovudine (ZDV) + lamivudine (3TC) for at least 6 months before randomization to stay on this regimen or to receive IDV + didanosine (ddI) + stavudine (d4T) plus or minus hydroxyurea (HU) (600 mg twice daily). Treatment failure was defined as either confirmed rebound of HIV RNA level to > 200 copies/ml or a drug toxicity necessitating treatment discontinuation.

RESULTS:

Treatment failure occurred more frequently in subjects randomized to the HU-containing arm (32.4%), than in those taking IDV + ddI + d4T (17.6%) or IDV + ZDV + 3TC (7.6%). The time to treatment failure was shorter for the HU-containing arm compared with the IDV + ZDV + 3TC (P < 0.0001) or IDV + ddI + d4T arms (P = 0.032). Dose-limiting toxicities rather than virologic rebound accounted for the differences between treatment failure among the study arms. Pancreatitis led to treatment discontinuation in 4% of subjects in treatment arms containing ddI + d4T. Three subjects with pancreatitis died, all randomized to the HU-containing arm.

CONCLUSIONS:

Switching to IDV + ddI + d4T + HU in patients treated with IDV + ZDV + 3TC was associated with a worse outcome, principally because of drug toxicity.

PMID:
11504959
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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