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AIDS. 2001 Jul 27;15(11):1343-52.

Protective effect of CCR5 delta 32 heterozygosity is restricted by SDF-1 genotype in children with HIV-1 infection.

Author information

1
HIV Clinical Interface Laboratory, SAIC-Frederick, National Cancer Institute at Frederick, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the influences on pediatric AIDS of a heterozygous 32 base pair deletion in the CC-chemokine receptor 5 gene (CCR5 wt/Delta 32) and a common polymorphism in the 3' untranslated region of stromal cell-derived factor-1 beta gene transcript (SDF1-3'A).

DESIGN:

The rate of HIV-1 disease progression and viral burden were compared according to the CCR5 and SDF-1 genotypes in 127 (58 Caucasians, 60 African-Americans and nine Hispanics) perinatally HIV-1-infected children.

RESULTS:

Regardless of ethnic background, the CCR5 wt/Delta 32 genotype was associated with a delayed onset of AIDS-defining infectious complications during the first 5 years of infection [relative hazard (RH) = 0.22; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.012--1.02; P = 0.053]. Similarly, CCR5 wt/Delta 32 conferred an early protection against severe immune suppression and HIV-1 encephalopathy, but only in those without SDF1-3'A (RH = 0; 95% CI, 0--0.70; P = 0.020, and RH = 0; 95% CI, 0--0.71; P = 0.021, respectively). When examined before 5 years of age (n = 81), the children with CCR5 wt/Delta 32 had significantly lower levels of cell-associated HIV-1 DNA than wild-type homozygotes (P = 0.016, adjusted by race), while SDF1-3'A carriers had relatively higher levels (P = 0.047, adjusted by race). Although the disease-retarding effect of CCR5 wt/Delta 32 subsequently disappeared, time to death was still significantly delayed in the CCR5 Delta 32 heterozygotes without SDF1-3'A (RH = 0; 95% CI, 0--0.53; P = 0.008).

CONCLUSION:

In pediatric AIDS, the protective effect of CCR5 wt/Delta 32 is more pronounced in early years of infection and appears to be abrogated by the SDF1-3'A genotype.

PMID:
11504955
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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