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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2001 Sep;298(3):1150-3.

Cocaine-induced increases in vesicular dopamine uptake: role of dopamine receptors.

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Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA.


The vesicular monoamine transporter-2 is the sole transporter responsible for sequestration of monoamines, including dopamine (DA), into synaptic vesicles. Previous studies demonstrate that agents that inhibit DA transporter function, such as cocaine, increase vesicular [(3)H]DA uptake and binding of the ligand [(3)H]dihydrotetrabenazine ([(3)H]DHTBZ), as assessed in vesicles prepared from treated rats. The present studies examine the role of DA receptors in these cocaine-induced effects. Results demonstrate that administration of the D(2) DA receptor antagonist, eticlopride, but not the D(1) DA receptor antagonist, SCH23390, inhibited these cocaine-induced increases. Similar to the effects of cocaine, treatment with the D(2) agonist, quinpirole, increased both vesicular [(3)H]DA uptake and [(3)H]DHTBZ binding. In contrast, administration of the D(1) agonist, SKF81297, was without effect on vesicular [(3)H]DA uptake or [(3)H]DHTBZ binding. Finally, coadministration of quinpirole and cocaine did not further increase vesicular [(3)H]DA uptake or [(3)H]DHTBZ binding when compared with treatment with either agent alone. These data suggest that cocaine-induced increases in vesicular DA uptake and DHTBZ binding are mediated by a D(2) receptor-mediated pathway. Furthermore, results indicate that D(2) receptor activation, per se, is sufficient to increase vesicular DA uptake.

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