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Proteomics. 2001 Jul;1(7):890-8.

Identification of tumor antigens in renal cell carcinoma by serological proteome analysis.

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Boehringer Ingelheim, Research and Development, Vienna, Austria.


We have investigated the suitability of proteomics for identification of tumor-associated antigens. First, we compared the proteomes of nontumorous kidney and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and silver staining. Protein patterns were markedly different (approximately 800 spots in RCCs versus approximately 1400 spots in kidney). 2-DE immunoblotting revealed five RCC-specific spots, reproducibly reactive with RCC-patient but not healthy donor control sera. Two of these antigens were isolated by preparative 2-DE, and identified by Edman sequencing of tryptic peptides. The first antigen, smooth muscle protein 22-alpha (SM22-alpha), is an actin-binding protein of unknown function predominantly expressed in smooth muscle cells. In situ hybridization revealed that SM22-alpha is not expressed in the malignant cells but in mesenchymal cells of the tumor stroma. The second antigen represents carbonic anhydrase I (CAI), an isoform usually not expressed in kidney. Interestingly, a different isoform (CAXII) has previously been identified by serological expression cloning as an antigen overexpressed in some RCCs. In additional assays, antibodies to recombinant CAI or SM22-alpha were detected in sera from 3/11 or 5/11 RCC patients, respectively, whereas sera from 13 healthy individuals did not react. In conclusion, serological proteome analysis may be a new tool for the identification of tumor-associated antigens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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