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Proteomics. 2001 Jul;1(7):871-9.

The use of glass wool as an attachment surface for studying phenotypic changes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis.

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1
Laboratory for Biofilm Physiology, Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Abstract

Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used to demonstrate phenotypic differences between Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm cells and the planktonic counterpart cells under defined culture conditions. Glass wool was used as a substratum for cell attachment as it affords a large surface-to-volume ratio (1 g with a mean diameter of 15 microns = 1300 cm2), supports the growth of biofilms, allows for free movement of cells between the inter-strand spaces, and it facilitates the exchange of nutrients and oxygen. It also allows for the separation of the biofilm biomass from the surrounding surface influenced planktonic (SIP) cells for further characterization. Comparative analysis of the respective proteomes indicated striking differences in the protein patterns of planktonic, biofilm and SIP cells. We selected 41 proteins, the levels of which varied in a significant and reproducible way in the respective protein profiles. In the biofilm cells, a general up-regulation of the spots was seen, but in SIP cells expression of these spots were generally down-regulated. Altogether six unique proteins were seen in the planktonic cells, while the biofilm and SIP cells contained five and two unique proteins, respectively. Glass wool, therefore, appears to be an ideal attachment surface for the study of biofilm development.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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