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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2001 Aug;70(2):126-31.

Effect of ranitidine on the pharmacokinetics of triazolam and alpha-hydroxytriazolam in both young (19-60 years) and older (61-78 years) people.

Author information

1
GlaxoWellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA. ROC27451@glaxowellcome.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study evaluated the effect of oral ranitidine (75 mg and 150 mg) on the pharmacokinetics of triazolam (0.25 mg) and its major metabolite, alpha-hydroxytriazolam, in both young and older people. Metabolite data were used to distinguish the mechanism of this interaction.

METHOD:

This was a randomized, open-label, 3-way crossover study. Eighteen young (19-60 years) and 12 older (61-78 years) men and women were randomly assigned to receive evening doses of triazolam 0.25 mg (1) alone, (2) on the third day of dosing ranitidine 75 mg twice daily for 4 days, and (3) on the third day of dosing ranitidine 150 mg twice daily for 4 days.

RESULTS:

In the young group, mean triazolam area under the concentration-time curve from time zero to infinity [AUC(0-infinity)] was 10% and 28% higher after treatment with 75 mg and 150 mg ranitidine, respectively. In the older group, mean triazolam AUC(0-infinity) was 31% and 28% higher after treatment with 75 mg and 150 mg ranitidine, respectively. There was no change in the alpha-hydroxytriazolam/triazolam AUC(0-infinity) ratio in either age group, indicating that neither formation nor elimination of alpha-hydroxytriazolam was affected by ranitidine. There were no changes in the half-life of triazolam or alpha-hydroxytriazolam.

CONCLUSION:

Ranitidine increases oral absorption of triazolam in both young and older people. This effect is likely caused by elevation of gastrointestinal pH, allowing for greater absorption of acid-labile triazolam. The difference in this effect between age groups at the lower 75-mg dose of ranitidine suggests that older people may be more sensitive to the antisecretory effect of ranitidine.

PMID:
11503006
DOI:
10.1067/mcp.2001.117120
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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