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Mol Pharmacol. 2001 Sep;60(3):534-40.

Identification of potent and selective neuropeptide Y Y(1) receptor agonists with orexigenic activity in vivo.

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Department of Central Nervous System and Cardiovascular Research, Schering-Plough Research Institute, Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033, USA.


Neuropeptide Y (NPY) binds to a family of G-protein coupled receptors termed Y(1), Y(2), Y(3), Y(4), Y(5), and y(6). The use of various receptor subtype-selective agonists and antagonists has facilitated identification of the receptor subtypes responsible for mediating many of the biological effects of NPY. For example, the potent orexigenic activity of NPY is believed to be mediated by both the Y(1) and Y(5) receptor subtypes. Several selective Y(5) receptor agonists that stimulate food intake in rodents are available, but no selective Y(1) receptor agonist has been reported. We have identified several NPY analogs that bind the NPY Y(1) receptor with high affinity and exhibit full agonist activity, measured as inhibition of forskolin-stimulated cAMP production in cells expressing the cloned NPY Y(1) receptor. [D-Arg(25)]-NPY, [D-His(26)]-NPY, Des-AA(10--17)[Cys(7,21),Pro(34)]-NPY, Des-AA(11--18)[Cys(7,21),D-Lys(9)(Ac)]-NPY, Des-AA(11--18)[Cys(7,21),D-Lys(9)(Ac),Pro(34)]-NPY, Des-AA(11--18)[Cys(7,21),D-Lys(9)(Ac),D-His(26)]-NPY and Des-AA(11--18)[Cys(7,21),D-Lys(9)(Ac),D-His(26), Pro(34)]-NPY bind the NPY Y(1) receptor with K(i) values of 0.9 +/- 0.2, 2.0 +/- 0.3, 0.2 +/- 0.05, 0.7 +/- 0.1, 0.2 +/- 0.01, 2.2 +/- 0.3, and 1.2 +/- 0.3 nM, respectively, and inhibit forskolin-stimulated cAMP production with EC(50) values of 0.2 +/- 0.02, 0.5 +/- 0.04, 0.3 +/- 0.03, 0.5 +/- 0.05, 0.4 +/- 0.16, 5.3 +/- 0.32, and 5.1 +/- 0.97 nM, respectively. These peptides are highly selective for the NPY Y(1) receptor relative to the NPY Y(2), Y(4), and Y(5) receptors. [D-Arg(25)]-NPY, [D-His(26)]-NPY and Des-AA(11--18)[Cys(7,21), D-Lys(9)(Ac),D-His(26),Pro(34)]-NPY stimulate food intake dose-responsively in Long-Evans rats for at least 4 h after intracerebroventricular administration. Although the involvement of Y(1) receptors in several physiological activities, such as vasoconstriction and anxiolysis, remains to be investigated, adequate tools are now available.

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