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Lab Invest. 2001 Aug;81(8):1087-95.

Rottlerin-independent attenuation of pervanadate-induced tyrosine phosphorylation events by protein kinase C-delta in hemopoietic cells.

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Max Planck Institute for Experimental Endocrinology, Hannover, Germany.


The understanding and control of many pathophysiological conditions is based on knowledge of subtly regulated intracellular signaling networks. We have found that in pervanadate (PV)-treated J558L myeloma cells, amongst other signaling proteins, protein kinase C (PKC)-delta and src homology 2-containing inositol phosphatase (SHIP) are tyrosine phosphorylated on expression of the B cell receptor, suggesting a role for these proteins in the preformed B cell receptor transducer complex. Rottlerin, a widely used PKC-delta-specific inhibitor, efficiently blocks these PV-induced tyrosine phosphorylation events. Furthermore, PV treatment of bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMC) also results in tyrosine phosphorylation of PKC-delta, SHIP, and additional proteins. Rottlerin also inhibits these responses, indicating that PKC-delta might play an important enhancing role in the propagation of phosphotyrosine signals in B cells and mast cells and hence in the regulation of function of both cell types. Therefore, BMMC from PKC-delta -/- mice were generated by in vitro differentiation and assayed for tyrosine phosphorylation events in response to PV. Intriguingly, and opposite to the Rottlerin data, PKC-delta -/- BMMC show a stronger response to PV than wild-type cells, suggesting an attenuating role for PKC-delta. This response can be inhibited equally well by Rottlerin, indicating clearly that Rottlerin is not specific for PKC-delta in vivo. A comparison between Rottlerin and the panspecific PKC inhibitor bisindolylmaleimide suggests that Rottlerin also targets kinases beyond the PKC family. Moreover, Ser473 phosphorylation of protein kinase B (PKB) after PV treatment is blocked by Rottlerin as efficiently as by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor LY294002. In this report, we provide evidence that PKC-delta constitutes a crucial attenuating factor in B cell and mast cell signal transduction and suggest that PKC-delta is important for the regulation of physiological B and mast cell functions as well as for their pathophysiology. Furthermore, dominant PKC-delta-independent effects of Rottlerin are presented, indicating restrictions of this inhibitor for use in signal transduction research.

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