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Chest. 2001 Aug;120(2):662-6.

The role of passive immunization in hiv-positive patients : a case report.

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Institute VINCA, Belgrade, Yugoslavia.


An HIV-positive patient presented with pulmonary tuberculosis as her AIDS-defining diagnosis in 1993 and was effectively treated with 12 months of standard antituberculosis medications (isoniazide, rifampin, and pyrazinamide for 2 months). She received zidovudine for 6 weeks at the time of her diagnosis; however, because of patient preference, she has not received subsequent standard HIV medications (7 years). Her CD4 count at the time of diagnosis (1993) was 297/microL. Monthly passive immunotherapy was administered (fresh frozen plasma from HIV-negative blood donors with a significant titer for the anti-vasoactive intestinal peptide [VIP]/NTM antibody) from December 1993 to June 1994. Her CD4 count increased to > 400/microL during the passive immunotherapy and has remained stable for the past 6 years. The rational for the use of anti-VIP/NTM antibodies preparations in HIV, the possible mode of action of anti-VIP/NTM antibodies, the use of Ig preparations, and the role of exercise as a natural source of anti-VIP/NTM antibodies are discussed. This case report supports the potential therapeutic use of anti-VIP antibodies for treatment of HIV disease.

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