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J Hum Genet. 2001;46(8):442-7.

Association analysis of polymorphisms in the prepronociceptin gene and schizophrenia.

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Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan.


The human prepronociceptin (ppNoc) gene is located on chromosome 8p21, and several linkage studies have suggested that the susceptibility locus for schizophrenia is present in this chromosomal region. We investigated genetic variations in the promoter and coding regions of the ppNoc gene to determine if there may be an association between naturally occurring mutations and the manifestation of schizophrenia. Association analyses for the variations found were conducted between 87 unrelated schizophrenic patients and 100 healthy controls. Polymorphisms were found at both the -503 locus (G/A) in the promoter region and the 353 locus (Ala118Gly) in exon 3. Additionally, rare variants were identified at the -261 locus (A/G) in the promoter region, the 515 locus (Gln172Arg) in exon 3, and the 561 locus (G/A) in the untranslated region of exon 3. A significant difference was observed in allele frequency at the 353 locus between controls and patients with continuous-course schizophrenia (P = 0.0237), and between patients with and without prominent negative symptoms (P = 0.0201). However, neither difference was significant after Bonferroni correction. In addition, there were no significant differences in genotype and allele frequencies at either the -503 or 353 locus between the control group and patients with schizophrenia. These results suggest that ppNoc gene polymorphisms have no association with schizophrenia.

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