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J Cell Biochem. 2001 Jun 26-Jul 25;83(1):136-46.

G protein beta2 subunit antisense oligonucleotides inhibit cell proliferation and disorganize microtubule and mitotic spindle organization.

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Institute of Pathology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei 100, Taiwan.


The association of G protein beta2 subunit (Gbeta2) with mitotic spindles in various mammalian cells has been demonstrated previously. Recently, we have identified the association of Gbeta2 protein with microtubules (Wu et al., [1998] J. Cell. Biochem. 70: 552-562). In the present experiment we have demonstrated the possible functional role of Gbeta2 in microtubule and mitotic spindle organization in mammalian cells. When Gbeta2 antisense phosphorothioate oligonucleotides were transfected into mammalian cells, inhibition of cell proliferation with cell death after a 4-day treatment was observed. If the transfected cells were incubated for two days and their Gbeta2 and microtubules were examined by Western blotting and immunofluorescence localization, marked reduction of the Gbeta2 protein, fragmentation and disassembly of cytoplasmic microtubules, and disorganized mitotic spindles were found. We conclude that the Gbeta2 protein is closely associated with microtubule assembly and may play a potential role in the regulation of cell proliferation and microtubule and mitotic spindle organization in mammalian cells.

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