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J Cell Biochem. 2001;82(4):591-8.

Involvement of p38 MAP kinase in TGF-beta-stimulated VEGF synthesis in aortic smooth muscle cells.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan.

Abstract

Although it is known that transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta induces vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) synthesis in vascular smooth muscle cells, the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. In the present study, we examined whether the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase superfamily is involved in TGF-beta-stimulated VEGF synthesis in aortic smooth muscle A10 cells. TGF-beta stimulated the phosphorylation of p42/p44 MAP kinase and p38 MAP kinase, but not that of SAPK (stress-activated protein kinase)/JNK (c-Jun N-terminal kinase). The VEGF synthesis induced by TGF-beta was not affected by PD98059 or U0126, specific inhibitors of the upstream kinase that activates p42/p44 MAP kinase. We confirmed that PD98059 or U0126 did actually suppress the phosphorylation of p42/p44 MAP kinase by TGF-beta in our preparations. PD169316 and SB203580, specific inhibitors of p38 MAP kinase, significantly reduced the TGF-beta-stimulated synthesis of VEGF (each in a dose-dependent manner). PD169316 or SB203580 attenuated the TGF-beta-induced phosphorylation of p38 MAP kinase. These results strongly suggest that p38 MAP kinase plays a part in the pathway by which TGF-beta stimulates the synthesis of VEGF in aortic smooth muscle cells.

PMID:
11500937
DOI:
10.1002/jcb.1179
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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