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Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2001 Jun;5(2):167-70.

Muscular sarcoidosis.

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Department of Radiology, Toki Municipal General Hospital, 703--24 Tokitsuguchi, Tokitsu-cho, Toki, Gifu 509--5193, Japan.


There are four types of muscular sarcoidosis: nodular, chronic myopathy, acute myositis, and asymptomatic. The nodular type is important because it may be confused with a soft tissue tumor. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging provides specific findings. A star-shaped central structure of decreased signal intensity, a "dark star" sign, is seen on the axial images. A long nodule with an inner stripe of decreased signal intensity and outer stripes of increased signal intensity, a "three stripes" sign, is seen on the coronal and sagittal images. In the chronic myopathy type, the role of MR imaging is limited. Gallium scintigraphy, which reflects activity of inflammation, may show increased uptake. In the acute myositis type, MR imaging shows increased signal intensity, and gallium scintigraphy shows increased uptake; however, these findings are nonspecific.

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