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Eur J Cell Biol. 2001 Jul;80(7):466-78.

Azithromycin, a lysosomotropic antibiotic, impairs fluid-phase pinocytosis in cultured fibroblasts.

Author information

1
Unité de Pharmacologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium. tyteca@facm.ucl.ac.be

Abstract

The dicationic macrolide antibiotic azithromycin inhibits the uptake of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) by fluid-phase pinocytosis in fibroblasts in a time- and concentration-dependent fashion without affecting its decay (regurgitation and/or degradation). The azithromycin effect is additive to that of nocodazole, known to impair endocytic uptake and transport of solutes along the endocytic pathway. Cytochemistry (light and electron microscopy) shows a major reduction by azithromycin in the number of HRP-labeled endocytic vesicles at 5 min (endosomes) and 2 h (lysosomes). Within 3 h of exposure, azithromycin also causes the appearance of large and light-lucentlelectron-lucent vacuoles, most of which can be labeled by lucifer yellow when this tracer is added to culture prior to azithromycin exposure. Three days of treatment with azithromycin result in the accumulation of very large vesicles filled with pleiomorphic content, consistent with phospholipidosis. These vesicles are accessible to fluorescein-labeled bovine serum albumin (FITC-BSA) and intensively stained with filipin, indicating a mixed storage with cholesterol. The impairment of HRP pinocytosis directly correlates with the amount of azithromycin accumulated by the cells, but not with the phospholipidosis induced by the drug. The proton ionophore monensin, which completely suppresses azithromycin accumulation, also prevents inhibition of HRP uptake. Erythromycylamine, another dicationic macrolide, also inhibits HRP pinocytosis in direct correlation with its cellular accumulation and is as potent as azithromycin at equimolar cellular concentrations. We suggest that dicationic macrolides inhibit fluid-phase pinocytosis by impairing the formation of pinocytic vacuoles and endosomes.

PMID:
11499789
DOI:
10.1078/0171-9335-00180
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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