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J Dent Res. 2001 Jun;80(6):1555-9.

Intrafibrillar mineral may be absent in dentinogenesis imperfecta type II (DI-II).

Author information

1
Department of Preventive and Restorative Dental Sciences, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0758, USA. jkinney@itsa.ucsf.edu

Abstract

High-resolution synchrotron radiation computed tomography (SRCT) and small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) were performed on normal and dentinogenesis imperfecta type II (DI-II) teeth. The SRCT showed that the mineral concentration was 33% lower on average in the DI-II dentin with respect to normal dentin. The SAXS spectra from normal dentin exhibited low-angle diffraction peaks at harmonics of 67.6 nm, consistent with nucleation and growth of the apatite phase within gaps in the collagen fibrils (intrafibrillar mineralization). In contrast, the low-angle peaks were almost non-existent in the DI-II dentin. Crystallite thickness was independent of location in both DI-II and normal dentin, although the crystallites were significantly thicker in DI-II dentin (6.8 nm [SD = 0.5] vs. 5.1 nm [SD = 0.6]). The shape factor of the crystallites, as determined by SAXS, showed a continuous progression in normal dentin from roughly one-dimensional (needle-like) near the pulp to two-dimensional (plate-like) near the dentin-enamel junction. The crystallites in DI-II dentin, on the other hand, remained needle-like throughout. The above observations are consistent with an absence of intrafibrillar mineral in DI-II dentin.

PMID:
11499512
DOI:
10.1177/00220345010800061501
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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