Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Bone Miner Metab. 2001;19(5):302-7.

Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism is related to bone density, circulating osteocalcin, and parathyroid hormone in healthy adolescent girls.

Author information

Sports Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Umeå University, 901 85 Umeå, Sweden.


Bone mineral density (BMD) in adolescence is under strong genetic control and may influence the risk of future osteoporosis and resulting fracture. We investigated the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms ApaI, BsmI, FokI, and TaqI, in relation to BMD, circulating calcium, osteocalcin, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations in healthy Caucasian girls (n = 99; mean (+/- SD) age 16.9 +/- 1.2 years). BMD of the total body, femoral neck, and lumbar spine, and bone area of the femur, lumbar spine, and total body were measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. BMD values were adjusted for age, body height, body weight, and physical activity. Using ANOVA, the ApaI genotype Aa had lower circulating levels of osteocalcin (P < 0.01), higher levels of PTH (P = 0.04), and there was a strong tendency toward a significantly higher lumbar spine BMD (P = 0.08) compared with aa subjects. BMD of the lumbar spine (P = 0.02), but not femoral neck or total body, was higher in Bb subjects compared with their bb counterparts. There was no difference in BMD at any measured site of the FokI alleles. There was a strong tendency for a higher BMD at the lumbar spine of Tt subjects compared with TT subjects (P = 0.05). Neither of the different VDR polymorphisms was related to BMD before adjustment for age, body weight, body height, and physical activity. In conclusion, VDR gene polymorphism, defined by ApaI, is related to differences in circulating osteocalcin and PTH, and BsmI is related to lumbar spine BMD in healthy adolescent girls. The results stress the importance of adjusting BMD for confounding factors, such as body weight and physical activity, in order to be able to find any genotype effect on BMD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center