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Drug Metab Rev. 2001 May;33(2):149-60.

Microspheres as floating drug-delivery systems to increase gastric retention of drugs.

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Department of Chemistry, Karnatak University, Dharwad, India.


Gastric emptying is a complex process, which is highly variable and makes in vivo performance of the drug-delivery systems uncertain. In order to avoid this variability, efforts have been made to increase the retention time of the drug-delivery systems for more than 12 h. The floating or hydrodynamically controlled drug-delivery systems are useful in such applications. The present review addresses briefly the physiology of the gastric emptying process with respect to floating drug-delivery systems. In recent years, the multiparticulate drug-delivery systems are used in the oral delivery of drugs. One of the approaches toward this goal is to develop the floating microspheres so as to increase the gastric retention time. Such systems have more advantages over the single-unit dosage forms. The development of floating microspheres involves different solvent evaporation techniques to create the hollow inner core. The present review addresses the preparation and characterization of the floating microspheres for the peroral route of administration of the drug.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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