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J Consult Clin Psychol. 2001 Jun;69(3):447-56.

Reducing alcohol consumption among heavily drinking women: evaluating the contributions of life-skills training and booster sessions.

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Research Institute on Addictions/University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, 14203, USA.


Problem-drinking women (N = 144) without histories of severe physical dependence on alcohol received drinking-reduction training and were assigned to receive (or not receive) 2 treatment enhancements: life-skills training and booster sessions. The design resulted in 4 treatment conditions: drinking-reduction treatment (DRT) plus life-skills training, DRT plus booster sessions, DRT plus life-skills training and booster sessions, or DRT only. The interventions entailed 13 hr of DRT, 7 hr devoted to the life-skills training or to a no-life-skills training educational module, plus 8 hr of booster sessions for those receiving them. Participants evidenced significant reductions in alcohol use during the 18 months after treatment. Those with greater pretreatment drinking evidenced differential response to the experimental manipulations: The treatment enhancements (life skills and booster sessions) led to significantly improved drinking outcomes among women who were heavier drinkers at pretreatment. There were no significant effects of the treatment enhancements among lighter drinkers at pretreatment. The results provide support for use of treatment enhancements in interventions designed to moderate women problem drinkers' alcohol use.

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