Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Blood. 2001 Aug 15;98(4):1122-6.

Peripheral blood stem cell allograft rejection mediated by CD4(+) T lymphocytes recognizing a single mismatch at HLA-DP beta 1*0901.

Author information

  • 1HLA Tissue Typing Laboratory, Istituto Scientifico H.S. Raffaele, Milan, Italy.


Little is known about the molecular characteristics of alloantigens recognized by alloreactive T cells mediating hematologic stem cell graft rejection. In particular, it has never been shown that such alloantigens can be encoded by HLA-DP beta alleles. Indeed, matching for HLA-DP antigens is generally not considered to be of functional importance for the outcome of allogeneic bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. In this study, a case of peripheral blood stem cell allograft rejection was investigated in which the patient and donor differed for a single mismatch at HLA-DP in the rejection direction. Patient-derived T lymphocytes circulating at the time of rejection showed direct ex vivo cytotoxic activity against donor-derived B-lymphoblastoid cells as well as other HLA-DP beta 1*0901--expressing targets. The presence of HLA-DP beta 1*0901--specific effectors in vivo was further confirmed by in vitro stimulation experiments. CD4(+) T-cell lines and clones with specific cytotoxic activity against HLA-DP beta 1*0901--expressing targets including donor B-lymphoblastoid cells were generated both by nonspecific and by donor-specific in vitro stimulation. Taken together, these data demonstrate that HLA-DP can be the target antigen of cytotoxic CD4(+) T lymphocytes involved in peripheral blood stem cell allograft rejection. (Blood. 2001;98:1122-1126)

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk