Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Mol Biol. 2001 May 25;309(1):215-26.

The crystal structure of Bacillus subtilis lipase: a minimal alpha/beta hydrolase fold enzyme.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Biophysical Chemistry, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

The X-ray structure of the lipase LipA from Bacillus subtilis has been determined at 1.5 A resolution. It is the first structure of a member of homology family 1.4 of bacterial lipases. The lipase shows a compact minimal alpha/beta hydrolase fold with a six-stranded parallel beta-sheet flanked by five alpha-helices, two on one side of the sheet and three on the other side. The catalytic triad residues, Ser77, Asp133 and His156, and the residues forming the oxyanion hole (backbone amide groups of Ile12 and Met78) are in positions very similar to those of other lipases of known structure. However, no lid domain is present and the active-site nucleophile Ser77 is solvent-exposed. A model of substrate binding is proposed on the basis of a comparison with other lipases with a covalently bound tetrahedral intermediate mimic. It explains the preference of the enzyme for substrates with C8 fatty acid chains.

PMID:
11491291
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center