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J Urol. 2001 Sep;166(3):1185-9.

Evidence of an inhibitory effect of diet and exercise on prostate cancer cell growth.

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Department of Physiological Science, University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.



A high fat diet and sedentary lifestyle may predispose men to prostate cancer through effects on serum factors such as hormones. We evaluated the effects of a low fat, high fiber diet and exercise intervention on serum stimulated growth of established prostate cancer cell lines.


Fasting serum was obtained from 13 overweight men before and after undergoing an 11-day low fat, high fiber diet and exercise intervention. Serum was also obtained from 8 men who had complied with the regimen for a mean of 14.2 years. Hormone dependent LNCaP and independent PC-3 prostate cancer cell lines were grown in culture medium containing 10% of subject pre-intervention or post-intervention serum and viable cells were counted after 48 hours. Anthropometry, serum free testosterone, lipids and glucose were measured in all subjects.


Post-intervention serum from each of the 11-day intervention subjects reduced LNCaP cell growth by a mean of 30% compared with pre-intervention serum from each (p <0.01). LNCaP cell growth in serum from long-term subjects was 15% below that of post-intervention serum (p <0.01). There was no difference in the growth of PC-3 cells when cultured with serum from either intervention group. Serum free testosterone, body weight, glucose and lipids were significantly reduced in 11-day subjects.


A low fat, high fiber diet and exercise intervention resulted in serum changes that significantly reduced the growth of androgen responsive LNCaP prostate cancer cells in vitro.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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