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Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2001 Jul;125(3):203-10.

gammadelta T cells as regulators of airway hyperresponsiveness.

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Department of Immunology at National Jewish Medical and Research Center, Denver, Colo., USA.


Airway responsiveness (AR) is determined by complex mechanisms reflecting lung responses to airborne stimuli. Murine studies have identified a number of potential factors modulating AR and thus have contributed to the current understanding of these mechanisms. In allergic inflammation, immune cells, in particular alphabeta T cells, have emerged as important contributors to increased AR. We have found that in contrast to alphabeta T cells, gammadelta T cells can have a negative regulatory effect on AR. Here, we review the current studies on gammadelta T cells in allergic inflammation and discuss their role in modulating AR. We propose that gammadelta T cells exhibit different immune properties depending on the type of stimulus and inflammation. These differential immune properties appear to be associated with specific gammadelta T cell subsets, which control AR to airborne stimuli. In particular, our recent data indicate that the Vgamma4(+) T cell subset acts as an important negative regulator of AR and contributes to maintaining normal lung function in mice.

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