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Circulation. 2001 Aug 7;104(6):642-7.

Differential impact on survival of electrocardiographic Q-wave versus enzymatic myocardial infarction after percutaneous intervention: a device-specific analysis of 7147 patients.

Author information

1
Cardiovascular Research Foundation, Lenox Hill Heart and Vascular Institute, New York City, NY, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The relative prognostic importance of ECG myocardial infarction (MI) after intervention compared with varying degrees of enzymatic elevation has not been characterized, and the device-specific implications of periprocedural MI are also unknown.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Serial creatine phosphokinase (CPK)-MB levels were determined after elective percutaneous intervention of 12 098 lesions in 7147 consecutive patients at a tertiary referral center. Procedural, in-hospital, and follow-up data were collected by independent research nurses, and clinical and ECG events were adjudicated by a separate committee. Stents were implanted in 50.6% of lesions, atheroablation was performed in 54.8%, and PTCA alone was performed in 9.8%. The peak periprocedural CPK-MB level was >3x the upper limit of normal (ULN) in 17.9% of patients, and Q-wave MI developed in 0.6%. By multivariate analysis, the periprocedural development of new Q waves was the most powerful independent determinant of death (2-year mortality rate, 38.3%; hazard ratio, 9.9; P<0.0001). Non-Q-wave MI with CPK-MB >8x ULN was also a strong predictor of death (2-year mortality rate, 16.3%; hazard ratio, 2.2; P<0.0001); survival was unaffected by lesser degrees of CPK-MB elevation. Though CPK-MB elevation was more common after atheroablation and stenting than PTCA, the rates of Q-wave MI and survival were device-independent.

CONCLUSIONS:

Myonecrosis after percutaneous intervention is common in a high-risk referral population dominated by atheroablation and stent use. Large periprocedural infarctions (signified by new Q waves and CPK-MB >8xULN) are powerful determinants of death, whereas lesser degrees of CPK-MB release and specific device use do not adversely affect survival.

PMID:
11489768
DOI:
10.1161/hc3101.093902
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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