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Plant J. 2001 Jul;27(2):89-99.

A deficiency of coproporphyrinogen III oxidase causes lesion formation in Arabidopsis.

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Department of Bioscience, Fukui Prefectural University, Fukui 910-1195, Japan.


We isolated an Arabidopsis lesion initiation 2 (lin2) mutant, which develops lesion formation on leaves and siliques in a developmentally regulated and light-dependent manner. The phenotype of the lin2 plants resulted from a single nuclear recessive mutation, and LIN2 was isolated by a T-DNA tagging approach. LIN2 encodes coproporphyrinogen III oxidase, a key enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway of chlorophyll and heme, a tetrapyrrole pathway, in Arabidopsis. The lin2 plants express cytological and molecular markers associated with the defense responses, usually activated by pathogen infection. These results demonstrate that a porphyrin pathway impairment is responsible for the lesion initiation phenotype, which leads to the activation of defense responses, in Arabidopsis. Lesion formation was not suppressed, and was even enhanced when accumulation of salicylic acid (SA) was prevented in lin2 plants by the expression of an SA-degrading salicylate hydroxylase (nahG) gene. This suggests that the lesion formation triggered in lin2 plants is determined prior to or independently of the accumulation of SA but that the accumulation is required to limit the spread of lesions in lin2 plants.

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