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J Biol Chem. 2001 Oct 5;276(40):37280-3. Epub 2001 Aug 3.

Agonist-dependent repression mediated by mutant estrogen receptor alpha that lacks the activation function 2 core domain.

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Center for Ligand and Transcription, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784, Korea.


Nuclear receptor corepressor (N-CoR) and silencing mediator of retinoid and thyroid hormone receptors (SMRT) form heterogeneous complexes with various histone deacetylases (HDACs). In this report, we found that ER alpha-Delta AF2, a mutant estrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha) deleted for the C-terminal activation function 2 (AF2) core domain, directs estradiol (E(2))-dependent repression and impairs E(2)-induced transactivation by wild type ER alpha. This repression required coexpressed BRG1 in SW-13 cells that lack BRG1, the ATPase constituent of the chromatin-remodeling SWI.SNF complex, and was abolished by HDAC inhibitor trichostatin A. We further demonstrated that ER alpha-Delta AF2 constitutively associates with SMRT but binds DNA in an E(2)-dependent manner in vivo. These results suggest that ER alpha-Delta AF2 and similar mutant receptors recently found associated with certain tumors may actively perturb the normal E(2) signaling via SWI/SNF, N-CoR/SMRT, and HDAC.

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