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Thromb Haemost. 2001 Jul;86(1):246-58.

Beta3 tyrosine phosphorylation in alphaIIbbeta3 (platelet membrane GP IIb-IIIa) outside-in integrin signaling.

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  • 1COR Therapeutics, Inc., South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.


The platelet integrin alphaIIbbeta3 not only binds fibrinogen and von Willebrand factor to mediate platelet aggregation and adhesion, it also serves as a signaling receptor. Platelet agonists such as ADP, thrombin and collagen induce "inside-out" signaling which activates the receptor function of alphaIIbbeta3 for soluble fibrinogen. Subsequent platelet aggregation leads to "outside-in" signaling, inducing platelet aggregate stabilization and triggering a variety of functions important to platelet physiology. This review focuses on the role of beta3 tyrosine phosphorylation in alphaIIbbeta3 outside-in signaling. Tyrosine phosphorylation of beta3 in platelets is a dynamic process which is initiated upon platelet aggregation and also by adhesion of platelets to immobilized fibrinogen. Tyrosine phosphorylation occurs on the beta3 integrin cytoplasmic tyrosine (ICY) domain, a conserved motif found in the beta subunits of several integrins. Beta3 ICY domain tyrosine phosphorylation induces the recruitment of two proteins to the cytoplasmic domains of alphaIIbbeta3: the cytoskeletal protein myosin, important to clot retraction; and the signaling adapter protein Shc, important to platelet stimulation, The critical role of beta3 tyrosine phosphorylation to platelet function was established by the diYF mouse, a novel strain which expresses an alphaIIbbeta3 in which the two beta3 ICY domain tyrosines have been mutated to phenylalanine. These mice are selectively impaired in outside-in alphaIIbbeta3 signaling, with defective aggregation and clot-retraction responses in vitro, and an in vivo bleeding defect which is characterized by a pronounced tendency to rebleed. Taken together, the data suggest that the beta3 tyrosine phosphorylation signaling mechanism is important to alphaIIbbeta3 function and might be applicable to a wide variety of integrin-mediated events.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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