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Hum Pathol. 2001 Jul;32(7):704-14.

Superficial acral fibromyxoma: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis of 37 cases of a distinctive soft tissue tumor with a predilection for the fingers and toes.

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  • 1Department of Soft Tissue Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC 20306-6000, USA.


This report describes the clinicopathologic features and immunohistochemical findings identified in 37 cases of a distinctive soft tissue tumor that has a predilection for the hands and feet. The study group included 25 male and 12 female subjects ranging in age from 14 to 72 (mean, 43; median, 46) years. The patients presented with solitary masses 0.6 to 5.0 cm (mean, 1.75 cm) that were present from 3 months to 30 years (median duration, approximately 3 years) before surgical intervention and involved the toes (n = 20), fingers (n = 13), and palm (n = 4). Twenty of the cases were documented to involve the nail region. Histologically, the tumors were typically located in the dermis or subcutis and composed of spindled and stellate-shaped cells with random, loose storiform, and fascicular growth patterns. The lesional cells were embedded in myxoid or collagenous matrix, often with mildly to moderately accentuated vasculature and increased numbers of mast cells. There was generally slight to mild nuclear atypia; only 3 cases had more substantial atypia. Mitotic figures were infrequent. Occasional multinucleated stromal cells were noted in 19 cases. The process showed immunoreactivity for CD34 (21 of 23 cases), epithelial membrane antigen (18 of 25 cases), and CD99 (11 of 13 cases). No immunoreactivity was detected for actins, desmin, keratins, or HMB-45, and only 1 of 23 tumors had weak reactivity for S100 protein. The surgical specimens consisted of biopsy or partial resection specimens (n = 4), local excisions (n = 29), and amputated or partially amputated digits (n = 4). Detailed follow-up, available for 18 patients (mean follow-up interval, 10.1 years), revealed 1 recurrence after local excision and 2 instances of persistent or progressive disease after partial excision. A differential diagnosis of fibrous histiocytoma, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, acquired (digital) fibrokeratoma, sclerosing perineurioma, cutaneous myxoma (superficial angiomyxoma), and acral myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma is discussed.

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