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Virology. 2001 Aug 1;286(2):354-62.

Genome sequence determinations and analyses of novel circoviruses from goose and pigeon.

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Department of Agriculture and Rural Development for Northern Ireland, Veterinary Sciences Division, Stormont, Belfast BT4 3SD, United Kingdom.


The genomes of novel circoviruses from goose and pigeon, which were isolated using degenerate primer and inverse primer PCR methods, were cloned and sequenced. Comparative nucleotide (nt) sequence analyses showed that the goose circovirus (GCV) and pigeon circovirus (PiCV) possessed genomes which were 1821 and 2037 or 2036 nt, respectively, and which had features in common with the genomes of porcine circoviruses types 1 and 2 (PCV1, PCV2) and psittacine beak and feather disease virus (BFDV), such that they can now be assigned to the genus Circovirus of the family Circoviridae. Common features include the possession of (i) a potential stem-loop/nonanucleotide motif with which the initiation of rolling circle replication of the virus DNA is associated; (ii) two major ORFs, located on the virus (V1 ORF) and complementary (C1 ORF) strands, which encode the replication-associated protein (Rep) and capsid protein, respectively; (iii) high levels of amino acid identity (41.2--58.2%) shared with other circovirus Rep proteins; and (iv) direct/inverted repeat sequences within the putative intergenic region. On the basis of nt and amino acid sequence identities, GCV is substantially less closely related to BFDV than PiCV is to BFDV.

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