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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Aug 10;286(1):109-13.

Involvement of plasmid in degradation of pentachlorophenol by Pseudomonas sp. from a chemostat.

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Department of Environmental Sciences, College of Basic Sciences and Humanities, Pantnagar, 263145, Uttaranchal, India.


Pseudomonas sp. strain IST103 obtained from a stable bacterial consortium was capable of utilizing pentachlorophenol (PCP) as sole carbon and energy source. The consortium was developed by continuous enrichment in a chemostat. The degradation of PCP by bacterial strain proceeded through an oxidative route as indicated by accumulation of tetrachloro-p-hydroquinone and chlorohydroquinone determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and chloride molecules released in culture medium. Two different molecular size plasmids, of approximately 80 and 4 kilobase, were found to be responsible for carrying genes for degradation of PCP. This was evidenced by mutants produced by curing of plasmid by treatment of ethidium bromide. The derivatives were not able to utilize PCP, however, transformation of low molecular size plasmid of Pseudomonas sp. strain 103 into E. coli JM109 utilized PCP, indicated a possible involvement of plasmid in degradation of pentachlorophenol.

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