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EMBO J. 2001 Aug 1;20(15):4088-98.

PIG-S and PIG-T, essential for GPI anchor attachment to proteins, form a complex with GAA1 and GPI8.

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  • 1Department of Immunoregulation, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, 3-1 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.


Many eukaryotic cell surface proteins are anchored to the plasma membrane via glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI). The GPI transamidase mediates GPI anchoring in the endoplasmic reticulum, by replacing a protein's C-terminal GPI attachment signal peptide with a pre-assembled GPI. During this transamidation reaction, the GPI transamidase forms a carbonyl intermediate with a substrate protein. It was known that the GPI transamidase is a complex containing GAA1 and GPI8. Here, we report two new components of this enzyme: PIG-S and PIG-T. To determine roles for PIG-S and PIG-T, we disrupted these genes in mouse F9 cells by homologous recombination. PIG-S and PIG-T knockout cells were defective in transfer of GPI to proteins, particularly in formation of the carbonyl intermediates. We also demonstrate that PIG-S and PIG-T form a protein complex with GAA1 and GPI8, and that PIG-T maintains the complex by stabilizing the expression of GAA1 and GPI8. Saccharomyces cerevisiae Gpi16p (YHR188C) and Gpi17p (YDR434W) are orthologues of PIG-T and PIG-S, respectively.

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