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Cell Signal. 2001 Aug;13(8):585-91.

Protein kinase C signalling pathway is involved in the regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor expression in human bladder transitional carcinoma cells.

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Service d'Urologie, Hôpital Saint-Jacques, 2, Place St. Jacques, 25000, Besancon, France.


Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic factor associated with the growth and metastasis of various cancers and plays a prominent role in vesical angiogenesis regulation. In this study, we investigated the effect of the phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) on the expression of VEGF in human bladder transitional carcinoma cells (RT4). RT4 cells expressed three VEGF isoforms (VEGF(189), VEGF(165), VEGF(121)). PMA increased VEGF mRNA expression time-dependently with a peak at 4 h. PMA increased the half-life of VEGF mRNA. The amount of VEGF protein in conditioned media was increased by PMA in a dose-dependent manner with a maximal effect at 10(-7) M. Staurosporine and calphostin C (PKC inhibitors) decreased PMA-induced VEGF mRNA expression as opposed to protein kinase A or cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein kinase inhibitors. Thus, in RT4 cells, VEGF expression is up-regulated by PMA via the PKC signalling pathway and according to a posttranscriptional mechanism.

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