Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Perspect Biol Med. 2001 Summer;44(3):315-32.

Abraham Lincoln's blue pills. Did our 16th president suffer from mercury poisoning?

Author information

1
Boston University School of Medicine, USA. bertzpoet@yahoo.com

Abstract

It is well known that Abraham Lincoln took a medicine called "blue mass" or "blue pill," commonly prescribed in the 19th century. What is now hardly known is that the main ingredient of blue mass was finely dispersed elemental mercury. As his friends understood, mercury was often prescribed for melancholy or "hypochondriasis," a condition Lincoln famously endured. Mercury in the form of the blue pill is a potential neurotoxin, which we have demonstrated by recreating and testing the recipe. We present the testimony of many of Lincoln's contemporaries to suggest that Lincoln suffered the neurobehavioural consequences of mercury intoxication but, perhaps crucial to history, before the main years of his presidency; he was astute enough to recognize the effects and stop the medication soon after his inauguration.

Comment in

PMID:
11482002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Project MUSE
    Loading ...
    Support Center