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Am Heart J. 2001 Aug;142(2):336-9.

A functional myeloperoxidase polymorphic variant is associated with coronary artery disease in French-Canadians.

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1
Center for Research in Neuroscience, McGill University, and the Montreal General Hospital Research Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

One of the enzymes involved in the production of free radicals in atherosclerotic plaques is myeloperoxidase (MPO). There is a functional G/A polymorphism 463 bp upstream of the transcription start site of the enzyme with the G allele associated with a higher level of MPO expression than the A allele. Considering the potential role of MPO in the process of atherosclerosis, studying the relationship between this polymorphism and the incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) seems reasonable.

METHOD:

We performed a case-control study. The case group consisted of 229 patients who had angiographically proved atherosclerotic plaques in their coronary arteries. The control group consisted of 217 individuals who did not have a history of coronary artery disease, stroke, or peripheral vascular disease.

RESULTS:

We found that allele A of the MPO gene was less frequent in cases with CAD. In a recessive model patients with the AA genotype had a decreased risk of CAD (odds ratio 0.138, 95% confidence interval 0.040-0.474). In a dominant model a significant protective role for AA or AG versus GG was also detected (odds ratio 0.639, 95% confidence interval 0.436-0.937).

CONCLUSION:

Our findings suggest that the -463 G/A polymorphism of the MPO gene influences the risk of CAD. This effect may be mediated by the effect of this polymorphism on the transcription level of the MPO gene.

PMID:
11479475
DOI:
10.1067/mhj.2001.116769
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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