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Biochemistry. 2001 Aug 7;40(31):9363-73.

A kinetic model to evaluate cholesterol efflux from THP-1 macrophages to apolipoprotein A-1.

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Cell Biology Group, Heart Research Institute, 145 Missenden Rd, Camperdown 2050, NSW, Australia.


The kinetics (0 to 3 h) of cholesterol efflux to delipidated apolipoprotein A-1 were investigated, and the experimental data were best fitted to a mathematical model that involves two independent pathways of cholesterol efflux. The first pathway with a rate constant of 4.6 h(-1) is fast but removes only 3-5% of total cholesterol. After preconditioning apoA-1, it was found that this pathway remains, and hence it is a property of the cholesterol-loaded cells rather than due to modification on the apolipoprotein. This fast initial efflux does not seem to contribute to cholesterol efflux at later stages (>1 h) where a second pathway predominates. However, the fast initial efflux pool can be restored if apoA-1 is withdrawn. The second slower pathway (k(membrane--media) = 0.79 h(-1)) is associated with cholesterol ester hydrolysis whose rate constant could be experimentally verified (k(cal) = 0.43, k(exp) = 0.38 +/- 0.05). The model suggests that two different plasma membrane domains are involved in the two pathways. Loading of the cells with an oxysterol, 7-ketocholesterol (7K), inhibits efflux from both pathways. The model predicts that 7K decreases the initial efflux by decreasing the available cholesterol (by possibly affecting lipid packing), while all rate constants in the second pathway are decreased. In conclusion, the kinetic model suggests that cholesterol efflux to apoA-1 is a two-step process. In the first step, some of the plasma membrane cholesterol contributes to a fast initial efflux (possibly from lipid rafts) and leads to a second pathway that mobilizes intracellular cholesterol mobilization.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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