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Exp Cell Res. 2001 Aug 15;268(2):284-93.

Functional knockout of the corepressor CtBP by the second exon of adenovirus E1a relieves repression of transcription.

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Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, BMC, Uppsala University, SE-751 23 Uppsala, Sweden.


The C-terminal binding protein (CtBP) acts as a transcriptional corepressor upon recruitment to transcriptional regulators. In contrast, interaction between CtBP and the adenovirus E1A protein is required for efficient activation of E1A-responsive genes, suggesting that E1A might block CtBP-mediated repression. Recruitment of CtBP to a promoter, either as a Gal4CtBP fusion or through an interaction with a Gal4 fusion protein expressing the CtBP interacting domain (CID) of E1A, resulted in transcriptional repression. The second exon of E1A, containing the CID, alleviated repression by Gal4E1ACID-recruited CtBP, but not Gal4CtBP-mediated repression, suggesting that E1A prevented repression by blocking promoter recruitment of CtBP. E1ACID was also sufficient to derepress transcription from several cotransfected promoter constructs. Furthermore, inducible expression of E1ACID in established cell lines resulted in significant changes of endogenous gene expression, possibly by sequestration of CtBP. Together, these data indicated that CtBP might act as a wide-range regulator of transcription. Although CtBP was shown to interact with histone deacetylases (HDACs), transcriptional repression by a Gal4CtBP fusion protein was not sensitive to inhibition of HDACs by trichostatin A (TSA). In contrast, TSA eliminated E1ACID derepression of E1A second exon-responsive promoters. Although the reason for this difference remains to be experimentally verified, it is possible that the requirement for HDACs might differ depending on the mechanism by which CtBP becomes promoter recruited.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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