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Dig Dis Sci. 2001 Jul;46(7):1567-72.

Effectiveness of acid suppression in preventing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) after successful treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection.

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Gastroenterology Unit, 401 Army General Hospital, Athens, Greece.


There is evidence that Helicobacter pylori eradication might predispose to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The aim of this prospective study was to examine the effectiveness of antisecretory treatment, after successful H. pylori eradication, in preventing GERD, since no data exist so far. Eighty initially H. pylori(+) patients, without GERD at the time of H. pylori eradication [50 peptic ulcer (PU) and 30 nonulcer (NU), 55 men, 25 women, median age 38 years, range 19-57], after successful H. pylori eradication were randomized to recieve either omeprazole 20 mg daily (group A) or no treatment (group B) for one year. All patients underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy at 0, 6, and 12 months or when GERD symptoms occurred. There were 40 patients in each group, and there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of sex, age, body weight, ulcer/no ulcer ratio, and other demographic data. Seven patients from group A and five patients from group B were lost to follow-up, and therefore there were 33 and 35 patients in groups A and B, respectively, who completed the study. One of 33 patients in group A (3%) and 10/35 (28.5%) in group B developed GERD symptoms during follow-up (P = 0.0022). The respective values for esophagitis were 0/33 (0%) and 6/35 (17.1%) (P = 0.0083). In conclusion, antisecretory treatment in H. pylori(+) patients, after successful eradication, is effective in preventing GERD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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