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Pediatr Pulmonol. 2001 Aug;32(2):115-21.

Effects of single-dose fluticasone on exercise-induced asthma in asthmatic children: a pilot study.

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Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital, Academisch Ziekenhuis van de Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, Netherlands.


A single high dose of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) can increase airway caliber in children with asthma attacks and laryngitis subglottica. Presumably the effect is due to the vasoconstrictive and antiedematous properties of topical steroids. Enlarged vessels have been suggested to play a role in the pathophysiology of exercise-induced bronchial obstruction (EIB). To investigate this, we evaluated the effect of a single high dose of fluticasone propionate (FP) on EIB in asthmatic children. Nine children aged 8-16 years with mild to moderate asthma were included. All children had a history of EIB, which was confirmed by an exercise test. None was taking ICS maintenance therapy. The children inhaled either a single dose of 1 mg FP or placebo on 2 separate days within 7-14 days. After inhalation, airway caliber (FEV(1)) was assessed for 4 hr before exercise. Then an exercise challenge was performed on a treadmill to assess EIB (% fall FEV(1)). A significant increase in FEV(1) was observed 1 hr after inhalation of FP compared to placebo. Response to exercise was expressed as maximal % fall in FEV(1) from baseline (% fall) and as area under the curve (AUC) of the 30-min time/response curve. The % fall FEV(1) after exercise and the AUC were significantly reduced when FP was inhaled compared to placebo inhalation (% fall 9.7% vs. 19.2%, respectively, P = 0.038 and AUC 92.0%.min vs. 205.7%.min, respectively, P = 0.03). There was considerable individual variability in reduction of EIB, with 5 out of 9 children having a clinically significant response. We conclude that a single high dose of inhaled FP has an acute protective effect on the bronchial response to exercise in a substantial proportion of asthmatic children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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