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Am J Med Genet. 2001 Aug 1;102(2):146-8.

Carrier identification by FISH analysis in isolated cases of X-linked ichthyosis.

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Servicio de Genetica, Instituto Nacional de Ortopedia, México D.F., México.


X-linked ichthyosis (XLI) is an inborn error of metabolism due to steroid sulfatase (STS) deficiency. STS assay and FISH are useful in diagnosing carrier status of XLI. Biochemical analysis appears to indicate that most sporadic cases are inherited. Since this method does not seem to be completely reliable in recognizing XLI-carriers, the aim of the present study was to corroborate by FISH whether or not most sporadic cases of XLI had de novo mutations. XLI patients were classified through STS assay and PCR amplification of 5'-3' ends of the STS gene. XLI patients had undetectable levels of STS activity and complete deletion of the STS gene. Patients' mothers were studied through STS assay and FISH. Nine out of 12 mothers presented an STS activity compatible with XLI-carrier state. These mothers also had only one copy of the STS gene, indicating that they carry the primary gene defect. One mother had normal STS activity but only one copy of the STS gene. This data corroborated that most sporadic cases do not represent de novo mutations, and that FISH must be included in the analysis of mothers of sporadic cases when they present with normal STS activity, in order to correctly diagnose the XLI carrier state.

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