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Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2001 Aug;16(8):1681-5.

Outcome in patients with end-stage renal disease following heart or heart--lung transplantation receiving peritoneal dialysis.

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  • 1Department of Nephrology, Middlesex Hospital, UCLH Trust, London, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) complicates 5--10% of heart and heart--lung transplant patients. We report our experience of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in 17 such patients.

METHODS:

Between March 1995 and February 1999, 13 heart transplant and four heart--lung transplant patients (11 male, 6 female) joined our PD programme (10 continuous ambulatory PD, seven automated PD). Median time from heart or heart--lung transplantation to ESRD was 9 years (range 1--13 years), and median age at introduction of renal replacement therapy was 51 years (range 23--66 years). The frequency of exit-site infections, peritonitis, and PD survival (including technique failure and death) in the transplant group (TxP) was calculated retrospectively. These were compared with two contemporary control groups: PD patients immunosuppressed for other indications (ISP, n=19) and, all other patients recruited onto the PD programme (NISP, n=132).

RESULTS:

Median follow-up was 10 months (range 2--27 months) for TxP, 7 months (range 2--29 months) for ISP, and 14 months (range 1--48 months) for NISP groups. The frequency of exit-site infections was similar in each group: 1 in 26 months for TxP; 1 in 30 months for ISP, and 1 in 27 months for NISP (P=NS). The frequency of peritonitis was greater in the TxP group at 1 in 15 months, compared with 1 in 20 months for ISP and 1 in 29 months for NISP (TxP vs NISP, P<0.05). PD failure following infection was 23.5% for TxP, 10.5% for ISP, and 12.9% for NISP. Actuarial PD survival at 24 months was only 25.2% in the TxP group compared with 79% in the NISP group. There were no deaths related to immediate complications of PD.

CONCLUSIONS:

Increased risk of PD peritonitis and reduced PD survival is reported in this cohort of 17 heart and heart--lung recipients with ESRD. Nevertheless, for patients with severely impaired cardiac function, PD may still offer therapeutic advantage.

PMID:
11477174
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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