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J Biol Chem. 2001 Aug 3;276(31):28751-8. Epub 2001 May 24.

The yeast SEC20 gene is required for N- and O-glycosylation in the Golgi. Evidence that impaired glycosylation does not correlate with the secretory defect.

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Lehrstuhl für Zellbiologie und Pflanzenphysiologie, Universität Regensburg, Universitätsstrasse 31, 93053 Regensburg, Germany.


The Golgi plays a fundamental role in posttranslational glycosylation, transport, and sorting of proteins. The mechanism of protein transport through the Golgi has been seen as controversial in recent years. During the characterization of N-glycosylation-defective mutants (ngd) previously isolated by this laboratory, it was found that ngd20 is allelic to sec20. SEC20 was reported to be required for transport from endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi, but its precise function remains to be determined. We show now that SEC20 is also required for N- and O-glycosylation in the Golgi but not in the ER, in a cargo-specific manner, and that the glycosylation defect does not correlate with the secretory defect. By pulse-chase labeling experiments in combination with mannose linkage-specific antibodies, invertase and carboxypeptidase were found to be efficiently secreted to their final compartment, even upon shift to the nonpermissive temperature, while glycosylation in the Golgi was severely impaired. Using microsomal membranes isolated from ngd20, we found that mannosyl transfer from GDP-Man to various mannose-oligosaccharides, indicative for Golgi mannosylation, was strongly diminished. Analysis of the carbohydrate component of chitinase, an exclusively O-mannosylated protein, or of the bulk mannoprotein indicates that O-mannosylation is also reduced. The results demonstrate that in addition to secretion SEC20 also affects glycosylation in the Golgi, presumably because it exerts a more general role in maintenance and function of the Golgi compartments.

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