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J Biol Chem. 2001 Sep 28;276(39):36063-6. Epub 2001 Jul 26.

The gp91phox component of NADPH oxidase is not the voltage-gated proton channel in phagocytes, but it helps.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biophysics and Physiology, Rush Presbyterian St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA. tdecours@rush.edu

Abstract

During the "respiratory burst," the NADPH oxidase complex of phagocytes produces reactive oxygen species that kill bacteria and other invaders (Babior, B. M. (1999) Blood 93, 1464-1476). Electron efflux through NADPH oxidase is electrogenic (Henderson, L. M., Chappell, J. B., and Jones, O. T. G. (1987) Biochem. J. 246, 325-329) and is compensated by H(+) efflux through proton channels that reportedly are contained within the gp91(phox) subunit of NADPH oxidase. To test whether gp91(phox) functions as a proton channel, we studied H(+) currents in granulocytes from X-linked chronic granulomatous disease patients lacking gp91(phox) (X-CGD), the human myelocytic PLB-985 cell line, PLB-985 cells in which gp91(phox) was knocked out by gene targeting (PLB(KO)), and PLB-985 knockout cells re-transfected with gp91(phox) (PLB(91)). H(+) currents in unstimulated PLB(KO) cells had amplitude and gating kinetics similar to PLB(91) cells. Furthermore, stimulation with the phorbol ester phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate increased H(+) currents to a similar extent in X-CGD, PLB(KO), and PLB(91) cells. Thus, gp91(phox) is not the proton channel in unstimulated phagocytes and does not directly mediate the increase of proton conductance during the respiratory burst. Changes in H(+) channel gating kinetics during NADPH oxidase activity are likely crucial to the activation of H(+) flux during the respiratory burst.

PMID:
11477065
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.C100352200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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