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Life Sci. 2001 Jun 29;69(6):689-97.

Vascular smooth muscle cell activation and growth by 4-hydroxynonenal.

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Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Dokkyo University School of Medicine, Mibu, Tochigi, Japan.


The present study examines the signal transduction mechanism that is involved in the growth of vascular smooth muscle cells exposed to 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) in vitro. This aldehyde component of oxidized low-density lipoprotein has been identified in atherosclerotic lesion. Exposure to HNE caused ERK, JNK, and p38 MAP kinase activation as well as the induction of c-fos and c-jun gene expression. AP-1 activity was also significantly induced by HNE treatment. These intracellular activities appear to be the mechanism of HNE-caused mitogenesis. Indeed, HNE induced vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation as determened by Alamar-Blue assay and stimulated DNA synthesis as determined by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation. These observations are consistent with a role of lipid peroxidation products in vascular smooth muscle cell growth in atherogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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