Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Perit Dial Int. 2001 May-Jun;21(3):296-301.

Polymicrobial outbreak of intermittent peritoneal dialysis peritonitis during external wall renovation at a dialysis center.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate an outbreak of peritonitis in intermittent peritoneal dialysis (IPD) patients.

DESIGN:

An outbreak investigation was performed to identify the etiology of the polymicrobial outbreak, and a retrospective case-control study was conducted to assess the risk factors for development of peritonitis.

SETTING:

Renal dialysis center.

PATIENTS:

Ten episodes of peritonitis occurred in 8 of 61 patients over a 6-month period in which 669 IPD procedures were analyzed.

INTERVENTIONS:

Field visit to renal dialysis center to examine the entire IPD procedure, inspect the hospital environment, and perform air bacterial count.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The environmental factors and risk factors contributing to the polymicrobial peritonitis outbreak in IPD patients. The incidence of IPD peritonitis was determined before and after interventions.

RESULTS:

The causative organisms included Acinetobacter baumanii (6), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (2), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (1), Candida albicans (1), C. tropicalis (1), Enterococcus (3), and Enterobacteriaceae (2). Four episodes of peritonitis involved infection by more than one organism. Air sampling of the environment detected a median of 110 colony forming units of bacteria per cubic meter of air, 10% of which were found to be Acinetobacter baumanii. The source of this polymicrobial outbreak was attributed to the bamboo scaffolding structure covering the external wall of the hospital during renovation. A retrospective case-control study indicated that the absence of the flush-before-fill step was a risk factor for development of peritonitis.

CONCLUSION:

In addition to invasive aspergillosis in transplant or oncology patients, Acinetobacter peritonitis in dialysis patients should be considered another microbial cause of outbreak associated with hospital renovation.

PMID:
11475346
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center