Send to

Choose Destination
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001 Aug;33(8):1338-44.

Ankle biomechanics during four landing techniques.

Author information

Department of Engineering Mechanics, USAF Academy, CO 80840-6240, USA.



An understanding of landing techniques is important for the prevention of injuries in a number of athletic events. There is a risk of injury to the ankle during landings, and the kinematics and forces involved in different landing strategies may be related to the occurrence of trauma.


In the current study, four drop conditions from a 30.48-cm (12-inch) height were tested. The conditions were a) BN: Bent knee (self-selected), Natural (self-selected) plantar flexor contraction; b) SN: Stiff-knee, Natural plantar flexors; c) SP: Stiff-knee, Plantar flexors absorbing the impact; and d) SH: Stiff-knee, absorbing most of the impact in the Heels. Peak vertical forces and accelerations were measured, and Achilles tendon forces and stiffnesses were calculated.


Peak vertical forces and peak tibial accelerations were highest for the SH condition (2418 N and 20.7 G), whereas peak Achilles tendon force was highest for SP drops. The overall average AT stiffness was 166,345 N x m(-1).


The results from the study were used in an extensive cadaver study to investigate ankle injuries. The data from the current study indicate that athletes may not use their full energy absorbing potential in landings during sporting activities.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center