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Br J Haematol. 2001 Jul;114(1):70-7.

Flavopiridol circumvents Bcl-2 family mediated inhibition of apoptosis and drug resistance in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia.

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1
Department of Haematology, Llandough Hospital, Penarth, South Glamorgan, UK.

Abstract

Flavopiridol, a synthetic flavone, is currently under clinical investigation for the treatment of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL). In this study, we examined the in vitro effects of flavopiridol and fludarabine on B-CLL cells from 64 patients (36 treated and 28 untreated) in terms of apoptosis induction and Bcl-2 family expression. Both flavopiridol and fludarabine induced apoptosis in all the samples tested with mean LD(50) values (+/- SD) of 59.7 nmol/l (+/- 36.5) and 6.2 micromol/l (+/- 7.5) respectively. Mean flavopiridol LD(50) values were not significantly different between the treated and untreated patient groups (P = 0.35), whereas the fludarabine LD(50) values were significantly higher in the previously treated patient group (P = 0.01). Bcl-2 and Mcl-1 expression were downregulated in both flavopiridol and fludarabine-induced apoptotic cells, but the increase in Bax expression that accompanied fludarabine-induced apoptosis was not evident in flavopiridol-treated cells. In addition, Bcl-2:Bax ratios were not predictive of flavopiridol cytotoxicity (P = 0.82), whereas they were highly predictive of in vitro responsiveness to fludarabine (P = 0.001). Overall, these findings suggest that flavopiridol exerts its cytotoxic effect through a novel cell-death pathway that is not subject to the Bcl-2 family mediated resistance mechanisms that reduce the efficacy of many conventional chemotherapeutic drugs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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