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Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2001 Jul;39(7):311-4.

The effects of captopril on serum digoxin levels in patients with severe congestive heart failure.

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1
Department of Cardiology, Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

Abstract

The effects of captopril on serum digoxin concentrations were studied in 8 patients with severe (NYHA Class IV) congestive heart failure. Serum digoxin concentrations were determined before and after the administration of captopril for 1 week in patients on chronic digoxin therapy. Each patient who was taking 0.25 mg of digoxin PO q.d., was administered 12.5 mg of captopril PO t.i.d. for 7 days. The peak serum concentration of digoxin (Cmax) before and after (on Days 0 and 7) captopril administration was 1.7+/-0.2 ng/ml and 2.7+/-0.2 ng/ml, the time to peak (tmax) was 2.4+/-0.5 h and 1.3+/-0.2 h, and the area under the 24-hour digoxin concentration-time curve (AUC0-24h) was 30.0+/-1.5 ng x h/ml and 41.7+/-3.4 ng x h/ml, respectively. While captopril caused a significant increase in peak serum concentration and the area under the digoxin concentration-time curve, it decreased the time to digoxin peak (p = 0.01, p = 0.04, p = 0.01, respectively). No patient developed evidence of digoxin toxicity. Concomitant administration of captopril with digoxin increases serum digoxin concentration in patients with severe congestive heart failure.

PMID:
11471775
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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