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Am J Med Genet. 2001 Jul 22;102(1):76-80.

Loss of subtelomeric sequence associated with a terminal inversion duplication of the short arm of chromosome 4.

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Department of Human Genetics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.


We report on a 4(1/2)-year-old girl, who presented with multiple minor anomalies consistent with trisomy for 4p. GTG-banding identified a de novo terminal inversion duplication of distal 4p, dup(4)(p16.3p15.3). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a wcp4 probe confirmed the chromosome 4 origin of the additional material. FISH with a 4p subtelomere probe, D4F26, showed no signal on the dup(4) chromosome identifying a deletion of this region. Molecular analysis of 4p STS loci confirmed the subtelomeric deletion and showed loss of the paternal allele in this region. The paternal origin of the deleted region and homozygosity for one of the two paternal alleles within the region of the duplication suggests that a sister chromatid rearrangement on the paternal chromosome 4 was involved in the formation of the dup(4) chromosome. To date, the best characterized mechanisms of formation of chromosome duplications are terminal inversion duplications of 8p, which were shown to be derived from rearrangements at maternal meiosis-I. Our data show that mechanisms other than a maternal meiosis-I rearrangement can lead to the formation of terminal inversion duplications. FISH analysis with the appropriate subtelomeric probes is warranted in terminal inversion duplications to check for associated deletions.

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