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J Biol Chem. 2001 Oct 5;276(40):37520-8. Epub 2001 Jul 24.

Identification of a novel kinesin-related protein, KRMP1, as a target for mitotic peptidyl-prolyl isomerase Pin1.

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  • 1Department of Functional Genomics, Medical Research Institute, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8510, Japan.


Mitosis utilizes a number of kinesin-related proteins (KRPs). Here we report the identification of a novel KRP termed KRMP1, which has a deduced 1780-amino acid sequence composed of ternary domains. The amino-terminal head domain is most similar to the kinesin motor domain of the MKLP-1 subfamily and has an intrinsic ATPase activity that is diminished by substituting the consensus Lys-168 with Arg. The central stalk domain is predicted to form a long alpha-helical coiled-coil, and can interact with each other in vivo. An in vivo labeling experiment revealed that KRMP1 is phosphorylated, and we also found that the region within the tail domain containing Thr-1604 as the cdc2 kinase phosphorylation site differs from the bimC box conserved in the bimC subfamily of KRPs. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that endogenous KRMP1 was localized predominantly to the cytoplasm during interphase and dispersed throughout the cell during mitosis. Consistent with this finding, overexpressed KRMP1 was detected in a complicated nuclear or cytoplasmic pattern reflecting multiple nuclear localization/export signals. Furthermore, KRMP1 interacted with the mitotic peptidyl-prolyl isomerase Pin1 in vivo, and an in vitro interaction was detected between the tail domain of KRMP1 and the WW domain of Pin1. Overexpression of KRMP1 caused COS-7 cells to arrest at G(2)-M, and co-expression of Pin1 reversed this effect, indicating their physiological interaction. Together, our results suggest that KRMP1 is a mitotic target regulated by Pin1 and vice versa.

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