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Ophthalmology. 2001 Aug;108(8):1409-14.

INTACS inserts for treating keratoconus: one-year results.

Author information

1
Bordeaux University Hospital, Hopital Pellegrin, Bordeaux, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the use of INTACS micro-thin prescription inserts (Kera Vision, Inc., Fremont, CA) for the treatment of keratoconus.

DESIGN:

Prospective, nonrandomized (self-controlled) comparative trial.

PARTICIPANTS/INTERVENTION:

Ten patients from our prospective clinical study who had completed 12 months of follow-up were evaluated. All patients had keratoconus with clear central corneas and were contact lens intolerant. After reviewing corneal pachymetry and topography of individual patients, INTACS inserts of 0.45-mm thickness were placed in the inferior cornea to lift the cone and INTACS of 0.25-mm thickness were inserted superiorly to counterbalance and flatten the overall anterior corneal surface.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Differences between preoperative and postoperative uncorrected visual acuity, best spectacle-corrected visual acuity, manifest refraction, and keratometry values were statistically assessed. Changes in corneal ectasia were evaluated by reviewing corneotopographic maps.

RESULTS:

No intraoperative complications occurred in this series of patients. Spherical equivalent error and refractive astigmatism were reduced with INTACS inserts treatment. Postoperative month 12 uncorrected visual acuity (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [logMAR] mean, 0.35, standard deviation [SD], 0.16 [approximately 20/50, approximately 2 lines]) was significantly better than preoperative (logMAR mean, 1.05; SD, 0.33 [approximately 20/200, approximately 3 lines]; P <or=0.05). Average best spectacle-corrected visual acuity at postoperative month 12 was improved by approximately two lines compared with baseline (logMAR mean, 0.22; SD, 0.12 [approximately 20/32, approximately 1 line]; logMAR mean, 0.38; SD, 0.13 [approximately 20/50, approximately 1 line], respectively). Topographic corneal shape (size and height of the cone) was improved for all subjects after insert placement.

CONCLUSIONS:

INTACS micro-thin prescription inserts seem to provide a viable method for treating clear corneal keratoconus for patients who are contact lens intolerant. The corneal steepening and astigmatism associated with keratoconus were reduced, and visual acuity was improved with treatment in almost all eyes.

PMID:
11470691
DOI:
10.1016/s0161-6420(01)00646-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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