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Protein Sci. 2001 Aug;10(8):1514-21.

Crystal structure of an anti-interleukin-2 monoclonal antibody Fab complexed with an antigenic nonapeptide.

Author information

1
Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117871 Moscow, Russia.

Abstract

The three-dimensional structure of the Fab fragment of a monoclonal antibody (LNKB-2) to human interleukin-2 (IL-2) complexed with a synthetic antigenic nonapeptide, Ac-Lys-Pro-Leu-Glu-Glu-Val-Leu-Asn-Leu-OMe, has been determined at 3.0 A resolution. In the structure, four out of the six hypervariable loops of the Fab (complementarity determining regions [CDRs] L1, H1, H2, and H3) are involved in peptide association through hydrogen bonding, salt bridge formation, and hydrophobic interactions. The Tyr residues in the Fab antigen binding site play a major role in antigen-antibody recognition. The structures of the complexed and uncomplexed Fab were compared. In the antigen binding site the CDR-L1 loop of the antibody shows the largest structural changes upon peptide binding. The peptide adopts a mostly alpha-helical conformation similar to that in the epitope fragment 64-72 of the IL-2 antigen. The side chains of residues Leu 66, Val 69, and Leu 70, which are shielded internally in the IL-2 structure, are involved in interactions with the Fab in the complex studied. This indicates that antibody-antigen complexation involves a significant rearrangement of the epitope-containing region of the IL-2 with retention of the alpha-helical character of the epitope fragment.

PMID:
11468348
PMCID:
PMC2374077
DOI:
10.1110/ps.3101
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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